Saturday, January 19, 2013

Data Storage in Short

Data Storage
 The term data storage can refer to anything with information recorded on it. Using this broad definition, a hardback volume of an encyclopedia, an audio cassette of a pop song, and even a piece of paper with random words written on it would all be considered examples of data storage. The most popular definition of the term limits it to only the storage of information on computers and similar devices.

Data storage in terms of computer Everything a computer “knows” or is able to “know” is called computer data. This includes e-mails, text files, digital pictures, and databases.  Computer data storage is the holding of data in an electromagnetic form for access by a computer processor which can be divided into two main categories: primary data storage and secondary data storage.

Primary data storage: What a computer “knows” at any given time is technically what information a computer’s central processing unit (CPU) can directly access. This information is called memory, and the components that store it are considered primary data storage. Memory is mainly stored on Random Access Memory (RAM). There are many types of RAM, but they usually come in the form of modules that plug into a specific slot inside the computer. Primary data storage is constantly being erased and rewritten, most often from secondary data storage.

Secondary data storage represents all of the other types of computer data storage not included in primary data storage. Internal hard disk drives, CD-ROM disks, and flash memory sticks are all examples of secondary data storage. Because there are so many different types of secondary data storage, this category can be further divided into three different areas: on-site, removable, and off-site data storage.

 Ø On-site data storage represents any type of storage device that is designed       to remain with the computer or at a single location where the computer is housed. The most common on-site data storage device is a hard disk drive, and it is included in almost every personal computer. Solid state drives and network attached storage are also examples of on-site storage devices.

 Ø Removable data storage is any type of data storage that is designed to be easily removed from a computer. Removable data storage has become more common than on-site data storage in modern times. The big disadvantage of removable data storage used to be that data access time was much slower than on-site data storage, but speed improvements have decreased this penalty to within acceptable limits for many common applications. CD-ROMs, DVD-ROMs, USB flash drives, and portable hard disk drives are all examples of removable data storage. Off-site data storage is one of the most recent types of data storage.

 Ø Off-site data storage is stored away from the computer at a distant location. This data can then be accessed either by a direct call or through the internet. Off-site data storage has the advantage of being available if something happens to the on-site computer system.

Storage Architecture’s:  In recent years, enterprise data storage has seen explosive growth in demand in the following areas

Ø  Capacity – the amount of data storage space is increasing. 
Ø  Performance – the bandwidth for delivering storage content is growing to match the increased speed of computer processing power, the speed of data communication networks, and the speed requirement of emerging applications such as multimedia applications.
Ø  Availability – as people and enterprises become more and more reliant on the content in the data storage
Ø  Scalability – the data storage solution must not only be able to satisfy the current storage requirements, but also be easy to grow to address the increased demand of future applications.
Ø  Cost – the cost of ownership needs to be reduced. 

Storage ModelsI will discus later about below three storage models:

>>>Direct Attached Storage (DAS)
>>>Storage Area Networks (SAN)
>>>Network Attached Storage (NAS)

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